Ethnic Groups of the Philippines

Regions and Provinces

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A

Abra

Capital:

Bangued

Location:

Cordillera Autonomous Region (CAR)

Languages:

Ilocano, Itneg, Isnag, Tagalog

Population:

241,160

Agusan del Norte

Capital:

Cabadbaran

Location:

Region XIII – CARAGA

Languages:

Cebuano, Agusan, Butuanon, Mamanwa, Surigaonon

Population:

552,849

Agusan del Sur

Capital:

Prosperidad

Location:

Region XIII – CARAGA

Languages:

Cebuano, Manobo, Higaonon, Butuanon Surigaonon

Population:

559,294

Aklan

Capital:

Kalibo

Location:

Region VI

Languages:

Aklanon, Ati, Capiznon, Karay-a, Hiliganon

Population:

451,314

Albay

Capital:

Legazpi

Location:

Region V

Languages:

Albay Bikol, Central Bikol

Population:

728,827

Antique

Capital:

San Jose (de Buenavista)

Location:

Region VI

Languages:

Ati, Caluyanon, Karay-a, Hiligaynon

Population:

308,484

Apayao

Capital:

Kabugao

Location:

CAR (Cordillera Automous Region)

Languages:

Ilocano, Atta, Isnag, Itawis, Kalinga, Malaweg

Population:

119,184

Aurora

Capital:

Baler

Location:

Region III

Languages:

Ilocano, Tagalog, Casiguran Dumagat Agta, Northern Alta, Umiray Dumaget

Population:

173,797

B

Basilan

Capital:

Isabela

Location:

Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)

Languages:

Cebuano, Chavacano, Sama, Tausug, Yakan

Population:

332,828

Bataan

Capital:

Balanga

Location:

Region III

Languages:

Mariveleño, Kapampangan, Ambala

Population:

263,269

Batanes

Capital:

(Santo Domingo de) Basco

Location:

Region II

Languages:

Ivatan, Itbayaten

Population:

17,246

Batangas

Capital:

Batangas City

Location:

Region IV – A

Languages:

Batangas Tagalog

Population:

257,715

Benguet

Capital:

La Trinidad

Location:

Cordillera Autonomous Region (CAR)

Languages:

Ilocano, Pangasinan, Ibaloi, Iwaak, Kalanguya, Kankanaey

Population:

22,745

Biliran

Capital:

Naval

Location:

Region VIII

Languages:

Waray, Cebuano

Population:

171,612

Bohol

Capital:

Tagbilaran

Location:

Region VII

Languages:

Cebuano (Boholano), Tagalog

Population:

1,137,268

Bukidnon

Capital:

Malaybalay

Location:

Region X

Languages:

Cebuano, Bukid, Higaonon, Ilianen, Matigsalug, Western Bukidnon

Population:

1,060,265

Bulacan

Capital:

Malolos

Location:

Region III

Languages:

Tagalog, Kapampangan

Population:

2,234,088

C

Cagayan

Capital:

Tuguegarao

Location:

Region II

Languages:

Ibanag, Itawes, Ilocano, Malaweg

Population:

993,580

Camarines Norte

Capital:

Daet

Location:

Region V

Languages:

Central Bikol, Manide

Population:

458,840

Camarines Sur

Capital:

Pili

Location:

Region V

Languages:

Albay Bikol, Central Bikol, Manide, Mount Iraya, Mount Iriga, Rinconada Bikol

Population:

1,023,819

Camiguin

Capital:

Mambajao

Location:

Region X

Languages:

Cinamiguin (Kinamigin), Cebuano, Hiligaynon

Population:

52,547

Capiz

Capital:

Roxas

Location:

Region VI

Languages:

Capiznon, Hiligaynon, Aklanon, Ati, Karay-a, Sulod

Population:

230,721

Catanduanes

Capital:

Virac

Location:

Region V

Languages:

Central Bikol, Northern Catanduanes Bicolano (Pandan Bikol), Southern Catanduanes Bikol

Population:

260,964

Cavite

Capital:

Imus

Location:

Region IV – A

Languages:

Tagalog, Caviteño Chavacano

Population:

2,063,161

Cebu

Capital:

Cebu City

Location:

Region VII

Languages:

Cebuano, Bantayanon, Porohanon

Population:

Cotabato

Capital:

Kidapawan

Location:

Region XII

Languages:

Cotabato Manobo, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Chavacano, Iranun, Ilianen, Ilocano, Maguindanao, Obo Manobo, Tiruray

Population:

1,379,747

D

Davao de Oro (formerly Compostela Valley)

Capital:

Nabunturan

Location:

Region XI

Languages:

Cebuano, Davaoeño, Kalagan, Mandaya, Mansaka

Population:

580,244

Davao del Norte

Capital:

Tagum

Location:

Region XI

Languages:

Cebuano, Davaoeño, Kalagan, Mansaka

Population:

1,016,332

Davao del Sur

Capital:

Digos

Location:

Region XI

Languages:

Cebuano, Davaoeño, Kalagan, Klata (Bagobo), Mansaka, Obo Manobo, Tagabawa

Population:

1,905,917

Davao Oriental

Capital:

Mati

Location:

Region XI

Languages:

Cebuano, Davaoeño, Kalagan, Mandaya, Surigaonon

Population:

446,191

Dinagat Islands

Capital:

San Jose

Location:

Region XIII

Languages:

Cebuano, Surigaonon

Population:

127,152

E

Eastern Samar

Capital:

Borongan

Location:

Region VIII

Languages:

Waray Cebuano

Population:

375,822

G

Guimaras

Capital:

Jordan

Location:

Region VI

Languages:

Hiligaynon

Population:

141,450

I

Ifugao

Capital:

Lagawe

Location:

Cordillera Autonomous Region (CAR)

Languages:

Ifugao, Tuwali, Ayangan, Kalanguya, Ilocano

Population:

161,623

Ilocos Norte

Capital:

Laoag

Location:

Region I

Languages:

Ilocano

Population:

371,724

Ilocos Sur

Capital:

Vigan

Location:

Region I

Languages:

Ilocano

Population:

187,411

Iloilo

Capital:

Iloilo City

Location:

Region VI

Languages:

Kinaray-a, Hiligaynon, Capiznon

Population:

2,384,415

Isabela

Capital:

Ilagan

Location:

Region II

Languages:

Ibanag, Isnag, Ilocano

Population:

1,593,566

K

Kalinga

Capital:

Tabuk

Location:

Cordillera Autonomous Region (CAR)

Languages:

Balangao, Butbut, Gaddang, Limos, Lower Tanudan, Lubuagan, Mabaka, Madukayang, Southern Kalingan, Upper Tanudan, Kalinga, Ilocano

Population:

212,680

L

La Union

Capital:

San Fernando

Location:

Region I

Languages:

Ilocano, Pangasinan, Tagalog

Population:

657,945

Laguna

Capital:

Santa Cruz

Location:

Region IV – A

Languages:

Tagalog

Population:

1,965,872

Lanao del Norte

Capital:

Tubod

Location:

Region X

Languages:

Cebuano, Maranao

Population:

758,123

Lanao del Sur

Capital:

Marawi

Location:

Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)

Languages:

Maranao

Population:

800,162

Leyte

Capital:

Tacloban

Location:

Region VIII

Languages:

Cebuano, Waray

Population:

1,203,118

M

Maguindanao

Capital:

Shariff Aguak

Location:

Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)

Languages:

Maguindanao

Population:

478,119

Marinduque

Capital:

Boac

Location:

Region IV – B

Languages:

Tagalog

Population:

162,804

Masbate

Capital:

Masbate City

Location:

Region V

Languages:

Masbatenyo, Bikol

Population:

43,675

Misamis Occidental

Capital:

Oroquieta

Location:

Region X

Languages: