Country Profile

Country Name:
Republic of the Philippines
Local Name:
Republika ng Pilipinas
Southeastern Asia, between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam



300,000 sq km [115,300 sq mi]
Chief Rivers:
Cagayan, Pampanga, Agno, Agusan, Pulangi
Chief Mountain Peaks:
Mt. Apo, Mt. Pulog, Mt. Canlaon, Mt. Mayon
Number of Islands:
7,641 islands
105,893,381 (July 2018 est.)
Population Growth Rate:
1.61% (2015 est.)
Major Ethnic Groups:
Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4% (2000 census)
Major Religions:
Roman Catholic 80.9%, Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, Aglipayan 2% (2000 census)
Manila (Metro Manila 12.764 million) 3rd Largest Urban Center in the World (2015)
Administrative Divisions:
81 provinces and 39 chartered cities
Government Type:
Head of Government:
President Rodrigo R. Duterte III (Since 30 June 2016)
Philippine Peso (Php)
Main Industry:
Agriculture, food processing, chemicals, textiles, fishing
Main Languages:
(official based on Tagalog) and English (official)
National Anthem:
“Lupang Hinirang”
Independence Day:
12 June
(On 12 June 1898, the Philippine revolutionary forces declared their independence from Spain, but the country was under American rule shortly thereafter. The U.S. granted the Commonwealth of the Philippines its independence on 4 July 1946.)
Earliest Inhabitants:
Negritos, Austronesian peoples (brought influences from Malay, Hindu and Islamic cultures)
Colonial Influences:
Spain (1565-1898), United States (1898-1946) Most westernized country in sub region
Source: Central Intelligence Agency. (2013) The World Factbook 2013.



Photo of the Week

People visit Andres Bonifacio Monument in Manila

Shoppers buying medicines at a local drugstore in Manila and observed 'Social Distancing'

Donate your article, news, poetry, photos or anything about the Philippines!

For Questions and Comments send us an email.

World Connections