Country Profile

Country Name:
Republic of the Philippines
Local Name:
Republika ng Pilipinas
Southeastern Asia, between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam



300,000 sq km [115,300 sq mi]
Chief Rivers:
Cagayan, Mindanao River, Agusan, Pulangi, Pampanga
Chief Mountain Peaks:
Mt. Apo, Mt. Dulang-dulang, Mt. Pulag, Mt. Kitanglad
Number of Islands:
7,641 islands
110,818,325 (July 2021 est.)
Population Growth Rate:
1.52% (2020 est.)
Major Ethnic Groups:
Tagalog 24.4%, Bisaya/Binisaya 11.4%, Cebuano 9.9%, Ilocano 8.8%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 8.4%, Bikol 6.8%, Waray 4% (2010 est.)
Major Religions:
Roman Catholic 80.6%, Protestant 8.2%, Muslim 5.6%, other Christian 3.4%, tribal religions .2% (2010 est.)
Manila (Metro Manila 13.923 million) 17th Largest Urban Center in the World (2018)
Administrative Divisions:
81 provinces and 38 chartered cities
Government Type:
Head of Government:
President Rodrigo R. Duterte III (Since 30 June 2016)
Philippine Peso (Php)
Main Industry:
semiconductors and electronics assembly, business process outsourcing, food and beverage manufacturing, construction, electric/gas/water supply
Main Languages:
Filipino (official based on Tagalog) and English (official)
National Anthem:
“Lupang Hinirang”
Independence Day:
12 June
(On 12 June 1898, the Philippine revolutionary forces declared their independence from Spain, but the country was under American rule shortly thereafter. The U.S. granted the Commonwealth of the Philippines its independence on 4 July 1946.)
Earliest Inhabitants:
Negritos, Austronesian peoples (brought influences from Malay, Hindu and Islamic cultures)
Colonial Influences:
Spain (1565-1898), United States (1898-1946) Most westernized country in sub region
Source: Central Intelligence Agency. (2020) The World Factbook 2020.



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Visitors wait outside the Aguinaldo Shrine in Kawit, Cavite

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