Ethnic Groups of the Philippines


The Ibaloi inhabit southeastern Benguet in the Cordillera Administrative Region; they are concentrated in Kabayan, Bukod, Tuba, Itogon, Tublay, La Trinidad, Sablan, and Atok. Like the Southern Kankanaey, they are also called Benguet. The Ibaloi language has a linguistic sound that is close to Pangasinense, the language of Pangasinan Province, possibly due to the free movement of the natives of Pangasinan in the pre-Spanish era.

Ibalois are friendly and hardworking people. They have a fair complexion and are usually four to five feet tall. Farming is their chief occupation and rice, their staple. For meat, they raise cows, pigs, and chickens. The Ibaloi customs, traditions, and beliefs are very similar to those of the Kankanaeys, but their languages are not.


Perez, Ursula Cariño. “The Social World of the Ibaloys”. PhD Dissertation, University of Baguio, 1979.
Tiongson, Nicanor G., ed. CCP Encyclopedia of Philippine Art: Peoples of the Philippines, Vol. I. Sentro ng Pangkultura ng Pilipinas Special Publications Office, 1994.
CAR Tourism Situationer. Department of Tourism. Accessed September 9, 2010.
Cosalan, Andres A. Personal Interview. September 2006.
National Commission for Culture and the Arts Ibaloi E-book,