Bontoc

Benguet, Ifugao, Mountain Province, Kalinga, and Apayao in northern Luzon are home to the Bontoc. Their population is spread over 10 municipalities and 137 barrios, and each village has its own distinct dialect, some of which are Sadanga, Guinaang Bontoc, and Bayyu. Those living in the capital town of Mountain Province often speak Bontok, and many speak Ilocano as well. Bontoc comes from the word buntuk, which means mountains and refers to the people of Mountain Province.

The Bontoc tribespeople were animists who had refused conversion during the Spanish times. Both men and women traditionally covered their bodies with tattoos, although the men were only allowed to after having killed enemies in inter-tribal conflicts. Women wear bright red hand-woven skirts, and used distinctive pieces of snake skeleton as hairpieces. Today, many of the Bontoc cultures and traditions are rarely practiced and slowly disappearing.

 

Sources:
Tiongson, Nicanor G., ed. CCP Encyclopedia of Philippine Art: Peoples of the Philippines, Vol. I. Sentro ng Pangkultura ng Pilipinas Special Publications Office, 1994.
Verora, L.P. Reaching the Igorots: Unreached Peoples ’82. World Vision Philippines, 1982.
CAR Tourism Situationer. Department of Tourism. Accessed September 9, 2010.
Census of Population and Housing: Report No. 2 Vol. 1 Demographic and Housing Characteristics. National Statistics Office. 2000.
National Commission for Culture and the Arts Bontoc E-book, http://www.ncca.gov.ph/
Scheerer, Otto. The Nabaloi Dialect. Bureau of Public Printing, 1905.
Tiongson, Nicanor G., ed. CCP Encyclopedia of Philippine Art: Peoples of the Philippines, Vol. I. Sentro ng Pangkultura ng Pilipinas Special Publications Office, 1994.
Verora, L.P. Reaching the Igorots: Unreached Peoples ’82. World Vision Philippines, 1982.
Ethnologue Report for Philippines, http://www.ethnologue.com/

 

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